Webdesk AI News
AI News from Tuesday, February 13, 2024
- Road Features that Predict Crashes: Greek engineers used machine learning to pinpoint road design flaws, damaged pavement, and missing signs/markings as major crash factors. This knowledge could help design safer roads and train AI to monitor road conditions in real-time.
- Nonstop Chatbots: MIT researchers found a simple fix that prevents AI chatbots from deteriorating during long conversations. This could enable AI that stays responsive and helpful for much longer without needing resets.
- Empathy in Education Tech: Study confirms benefits of "empathic chatbots" in education – they boost student motivation and performance. Researchers highlight design principles for such AI tutors and call for their development to be ethical and inclusive.
AI News from Monday, February 12, 2024
- Machine Learning in Metabolism Research: University of Washington School of Medicine researchers created a machine learning tool to make metabolism data more consistent across studies, potentially speeding up discoveries about diseases.
- Mount Sinai Awarded NIH Grant for Sleep Apnea Research: Mount Sinai will develop an AI model to better predict how sleep apnea affects individual patients, improving treatment decisions.
- Risks of Artificial Intelligence: A new book argues that there's no proof AI can be safely controlled. AI's increasing intelligence and inability to explain itself pose a serious risk to humanity.
AI News from Thursday, February 8, 2024
- AI-Based System May Prevent Another Stroke in Stroke Survivors: An AI system guiding stroke treatment decisions improved stroke care quality, reducing recurrent strokes, heart attacks, and vascular death within three months.
- AI Model Detects Diabetes Early While Driving: Researchers developed an AI model that recognizes low blood sugar levels using driving behavior and head/gaze motion, potentially serving as an early warning system in cars.
- "AI in the Streets" Project Explores AI's Impact on Society: The University of Warwick leads a project examining the effects of AI in public spaces, aiming to foster understanding and responsible innovation.
- Notre Dame Joins Consortium for Responsible AI: The University of Notre Dame participates in a consortium dedicated to advancing safe and trustworthy AI development and deployment.
- Deep Learning Reduces Data Requirements for Single-Molecule Measurements: NUS researchers used deep learning to reduce data demands for single-molecule measurements, making the technique more accessible.
- "Doppelgängers3" Film and Research Project Examines Space Exploration Futures: Premiering at SXSW 2024, this project combines neuroscience, quantum physics, and space exploration to challenge conventional narratives of space colonization.
- University of Warwick Awarded Funding for AI Research: The university received funding for an AI project called 'AI in the streets,' which aims to understand AI's impact on society and promote responsible innovation.
Glossary for Thursday, February 8, 2024
- Doppegängers3: A feature film and research project that challenges conventional narratives of space colonization by integrating diverse perspectives.
- International Astronautical Congress (IAC): The world's largest annual gathering of space professionals, held by the International Astronautical Federation (IAF).
- Neuropsychology: The scientific study of the relationship between brain function and behavior.
- SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence): An organization dedicated to the search for extraterrestrial life.
- SXSW: South by Southwest, an annual film, interactive media, and music festival and conference.
- University of Notre Dame: A private research university located in Notre Dame, Indiana, United States.
- University of Warwick: A public research university located in Coventry, England.
AI News from Wednesday, February 7
- Algorithm Predicts Antidepressant Effectiveness: A new AI algorithm using brain scans and clinical data can predict whether the antidepressant sertraline will be effective for patients with major depressive disorder within a week, significantly reducing the usual 6-8 week waiting period.
- AI-Designed Medicine: Scientists at Chapman University have harnessed the power of ChatGPT to design new medicines, potentially accelerating the drug discovery process and reducing costs.
- AI Framework for Image Compression: Researchers at EPFL have developed a machine learning framework that compresses image data more accurately than traditional methods, with potential applications in retinal implants and other sensory prostheses.
- EU Funding for AI in Adult Education: The JGU Center for Lifelong Learning has secured EU funding for a new project, "AI in ADU," which aims to use artificial intelligence to provide personalized and adaptive learning experiences, with a focus on language learning.
Glossary for Wednesday, February 7
- Amsterdam University Medical Center: A hospital and research institute in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
- Anterior cingulate cortex: A brain region involved in emotion, motivation, and attention.
- Chapman University: A private research university located in Orange, California, United States.
- Generative AI: A type of AI that can create new data or content from existing data.
- JGU Center for Lifelong Learning: A research and teaching center at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany.
- Machine learning: A type of AI that allows computers to learn without being explicitly programmed.
- Radboud University Medical Center: A hospital and research institute in Nijmegen, Netherlands.
- Retina: The light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye.
- Rice University: A private research university located in Houston, Texas, United States.
- Setraline: A medication used to treat depression.
- University of Liverpool: A public research university located in Liverpool, England.
AI News from Tuesday, February 6
- AI Patent Race Heats Up: Major players like IBM, Google, and Microsoft are vying for the top spot in generative AI, driving a 16% increase in patent grants and a 31% surge in patent applications over the past five years.
- Skin Tone Bias in Medical Imaging: Doctors encounter difficulties in diagnosing diseases when examining images of darker skin, highlighting the need for more inclusive AI systems in healthcare.
- AI in Scientific Research: A study examines the advantages and disadvantages of using ChatGPT to write scientific research articles, finding that the tool can assist in certain aspects of writing but lacks the ability to generate complete, accurate articles independently.
- Ethical Considerations for AI in Education: A new study explores the ethical considerations and challenges faced by teachers when integrating AI into the classroom, emphasizing the influence of gender and technology confidence on AI usage.
- AI Safety Institute Launched: The University of Notre Dame joins a consortium to establish the Artificial Intelligence Safety Institute, aiming to develop advanced measurement techniques to identify risks associated with current AI systems and promote the development of safer and more trustworthy AI.
- AI for Diabetes Early Warning: Researchers unveil an AI model that can serve as an early warning system for low blood sugar levels in diabetic patients while driving, based solely on driving behavior and head/gaze motion.
Glossary for Tuesday, February 6
- Digital Science: A company that provides data and analytics to the scientific community.
- Generative AI: A type of AI that can create new data or content from existing data.
- IBM: A multinational technology and consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States.
- IFI CLAIMS Patent Services: A company that provides patent data and analytics.
- Microsoft: A multinational technology company headquartered in Redmond, Washington, United States.
- NTU Singapore: Nanyang Technological University, a research university in Singapore.
- OpenAI: A non-profit research company dedicated to developing safe, beneficial artificial general intelligence.
- Samsung: A South Korean multinational manufacturing conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
AI News from Monday, February 5
- AI in Agriculture: The University of Missouri launches the Digital Agriculture Research and Extension Center (DAREC) to enhance research, education, and outreach in emerging digital technologies for farming, aiming to boost productivity, sustainability, and profitability.
- AI for Drug Design: Chapman University scientists develop a coded model using ChatGPT to design new medicines, potentially accelerating the process of identifying viable drug candidates for a wide range of diseases at a reduced cost.
- AI for Image Encoding: EPFL researchers create a machine learning framework that encodes images similarly to the human retina, enabling more accurate image compression with applications in retinal implants and sensory prosthetics.
- AI in Adult Education: The JGU Center for Lifelong Learning acquires EU funding for a new project on artificial intelligence in adult education and self-learning, focusing on personalized and adaptive learning experiences, particularly in language learning.
- AI and Biopharma: Petrina Kamya, Head of AI Platforms at Insilico Medicine, presents at the BIO CEO & Investor Conference, discussing the separation of value from hype in the field of AI within biopharmaceuticals.
- MPI and Google Partnership: The Max Planck Institute for Informatics and Google expand their strategic research partnership to establish a new research area on Vision and Language Models (VLMs) at the Saarbrücken Research Center for Visual Computing, Interaction and Artificial Intelligence, under the direction of Professor Bernt Schiele.
Glossary for Monday, February 5
- Biopharma: Short for biopharmaceutical. Refers to drugs and therapies produced using biological sources or living systems.
- Clinical Trials: Research studies for testing potential new treatments and medications.
- Idiopathic Pulmonary fibrosis (IPF): A lung disease involving scarring of the lungs that makes breathing difficult.
- Max Planck Institute (or Max Planck Society): A large and famous German research network funded by the federal and state governments of Germany.
- Michigan State University (MSU): A top-tier public research university in East Lansing, Michigan.
- Phase II Clinical Trial: A controlled test on a larger group of participants to verify safety and effectiveness and explore optimal doses.
- Saarland Informatics Campus: German research cluster for computer science comprising multiple university and research institutes.
- Self-supervised learning: Training AI models using unlabeled data where labels are derived by the model itself in the process.
- University of Missouri-Columbia (MU): Missouri's flagship land-grant public university.
- Zero-shot learning: Type of AI that can perform tasks and adapt without receiving direct examples about these tasks.
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